So far, during its previous phases (2004-2012), CARIM-South database has gathered a large number of documents in the demo-eco and legal modules. Apart from original data, there are also a series of Explanatory Notes on various topics, shedding light on the contents of the database.

Demographic and economic module

The demographic and economic module of the database contains statistics on migration originating in, destined for, or transiting through the 13 SEM countries focused on in the project (thereafter, the Region): Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey.

Data are obtained from four kinds of sources:

  • National sources in major destination countries of migrants originating in the Region;
  • National sources in the countries of the Region;
  • Sources in destination countries as provided by the authorities of the Region countries, in particular consular authorities’ registers;
  • Other sources including: academic work, data released in the national press by government officials, original data obtained from reprocessing existing files, etc.

Under this new phase of the Project (2014 – onwards), data is organised according to a standardised thematic list of tables on stocks (emigrants and immigrants by main characteristics) and flows (arrivals and departures of migrants and asylum seekers, naturalisations, movements on labour markets, circulation of students, money transfers, etc.) is available. Tables are missing when appropriate data are not available in national statistics.

It should be noted that methodologies of data collection and data processing vary according to country. This new phase of the Project will provide metadata for each table whenever possible.

Legal module

Contains the legal provisions directly or indirectly linked to international migration, its causes and consequences as well as notes and papers from our national experts. The legal sources, in their original version are included as often as possible and by default, references to the originals are provided. In some cases, unofficial translation of the texts may be added (the translated texts are not to be quoted). A summary or a comment on the original text may be added.

The legal module contains both a database of legal materials and notes from our national legal experts.

A page is dedicated to universal conventions and regional agreements that are relevant for international migration. For each of these instruments, we set out the ratification status for the countries covered by CARIM-South.

Country-by–country research gives access to the legal texts collected by our correspondents in each of the countries covered by CARIM-South. Legislation and regulations are organised around key elements of the migratory process, which are listed below. National legal provisions regarding migration may stem from constitutions, codes, laws, regulations, decrees or decisions.

Regulation can also result from case-law, as well as bilateral or multilateral agreements concerning migration. We try to provide original, relevant and important legal documents on migration into, through and from the country of interest. The legal experts’ notes and papers can be consulted for more detailed information.

Socio-political module (2004-2012)

The socio-political module (2004-2012) tackles determinant political and social factors shaping migration patterns, flows, and dynamics in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean (SEM) and Sub-Saharan (SSA) countries.

The module (2004-2012) has a database which contains original references to institutions operating in the domain of international migration at the national level, and original documents reflecting migration policies, discourses of governments and non-state actors in the SEM and SSA countries. These documents, which are either country-specific, regional or multilateral, help define the political and social environment of policy-making in the domains of immigration and emigration.

Notes provide analyses and syntheses on the institutional framework, the content of migration related policies and contextual socio-political factors impacting migration in SEM and SSA countries.  Furthermore,  research reports provide insight into fundamental political and social parameters fashioning migration trends and policy-making in the SEM and SSA contexts.These reports are either country-specific or based on a cross-comparative perspective.