Title Constitution of Lebanon (consolidated version)

Date of adoption



23 May 1926


Entry into force



23 May 1926

Text versions English



Official source: Bureau of Lebanese and Arab Documentation



The Lebanese Constitution was adopted in May 23, 1926 and amended several times (1927, 1929, 1943, 1947, 1948, 1976 and 1990 after the Taif Agreement, also known as the “National Reconciliation Accord” that provided a basis for the end of the civil war).

The government system is established on the principle of separation of powers, their balance and cooperation (Preamble). The Legislative Power shall be vested in a single body, the Chamber of Deputies (Article 16). The Executive Power shall be entrusted to the Council of Ministers and the Council shall exercise it in accordance with conditions started in this Constitution (Article 17). The Chamber of Deputies and the Council of Ministers have the right to propose laws.

No law shall be promulgated until it has been adopted by the Chamber.(Article 18).


The Lebanon’s legal system is based on a combination of Civil Law (inspired by the French legal system), Islamic, Ottoman and legal principles and laws of Lebanon.


The Constitution does not contain provision that specifically recognizes and guarantees protection to Intellectual Property rights. However, Article 15 provides that “Rights of ownership shall be protected by law. No one’s property may be expropriated except for reasons of public utility, in the cases established by law and after fair compensation has been paid beforehand.”